The aim of the article is to explore a possible common ground between the theoretical perspective of the commons and that of the market regulation. The radical discrepancy between the two perspectives would lead to exclude any possible common element. Nevertheless, the attempt to compare the two approaches on a broader perspective – especially moving by the political theory debate on the alternative between State and market – shades light on some compatibility elements, that could lead to a new form of “social liberalism”. This outcome requires that the theory of the commons gives up revolutionary claims, and replace the aim of destructing the market with the purpose of limiting it; at the same time, the regulation theory should not be limited to protect the market competition, but it should be integrate by a responsible reflection on the possible negative effects of juridical and economical “perfect competition”, especially on the social level. In other words, the conciliation of these two perspectives could point the way of a possible “civilisation” of the current form of capitalism, that the Luciano Gallino called finance-capitalism (finanzcapitalismo).
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