Background: Response shift (RS) has been defined as a change in the meaning of an individual’s self-evaluation that needs to be accounted for when assessing longitudinal changes in health-related quality of life (HRQoL). RS detection through structural equation modeling is accomplished by adopting Oort’s procedure based on a measurement model in which the observed variables are defined as reflective indicators of the HRQoL latent variable; that is, the latent variable causes the variation in the reflective indicators. This study aims to propose a procedure that assesses RS when formative indicators are used in measuring HRQoL; in this last case, the latent variable is considered to be a function of some formative indicators. A secondary aim is to compare the new procedure with Oort’s procedure to highlight similarities and differences. Methods: The data were retrieved from a consecutive series of 258 patients newly diagnosed with colorectal cancer and undergoing chemotherapy and/or surgery. The European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire (EORTC QOL-C30) was administered twice, once before and once six months after treatment. Structural equation modeling was used to evaluate RS and true change with the newly proposed method (in which fatigue and pain were defined as formative indicators) and with Oort’s procedure (in which fatigue and pain were defined as reflective indicators). Results: According to the new procedure, there was no measurement bias, and on average, patients’ quality of life improved by 3.53 points (on a scale ranging from 0 to 100) at the 6-month follow-up. With Oort’s procedure, the loading of the pain indicator was not invariant across the two time points, suggesting the presence of reprioritization, whereas the estimation of true change was very similar to the previous one: 3.87. Conclusions: RS and true change in HRQoL can be evaluated in the presence of formative indicators. Defining a measurement model by formative or reflective indicators can lead to different results.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.